How To Grow Purple Dragon Fruit From Cuttings For Beginner

Growing purple dragon fruit (Hylocereus costaricensis) from cuttings is a relatively straightforward process, making it suitable for beginners. Here are step-by-step instructions on how to do it:

Materials you’ll need:

  1. A healthy purple dragon fruit cutting (also known as a “stem” or “segment”) from a mature plant.
  2. A small pot or container with drainage holes.
  3. Well-draining potting mix (cactus or succulent mix is ideal).
  4. A support structure such as a trellis or stake.
  5. A sunny location or a grow light.


  1. Select and Prepare the Cutting:
    • Choose a healthy stem segment from a mature purple dragon fruit plant. The cutting should be at least 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) long and have no signs of disease or damage.
    • Allow the cutting to dry and callus for a few days. Place it in a dry, shaded area to prevent rotting. This step helps prevent fungal issues when you plant it.
  2. Prepare the Pot:
    • Fill a small pot or container with well-draining potting mix. Ensure the pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.
  3. Plant the Cutting:
    • Make a hole in the potting mix deep enough to accommodate the lower end of the cutting (usually 4-6 inches or 10-15 cm deep).
    • Insert the cutting into the hole, ensuring that at least one node (the small, bump-like protrusions along the stem) is below the soil level. This is where roots will develop.
  4. Provide Support:
    • Purple dragon fruit plants are climbing plants, so it’s essential to provide support. Insert a trellis, stake, or other suitable support structure into the pot.
  5. Watering:
    • Water the cutting lightly after planting to settle the soil. Afterward, water sparingly, keeping the soil consistently slightly moist but not waterlogged. Overwatering can lead to rot.
  6. Sunlight:
    • Place the pot in a sunny location where it can receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. If you don’t have access to sufficient sunlight, consider using a grow light.
  7. Temperature and Humidity:
    • Dragon fruit prefers warm temperatures and can be sensitive to cold. Ensure the temperature remains above 50°F (10°C) during the growing season. Provide protection or move it indoors if temperatures drop significantly.
  8. Fertilizing:
    • Apply a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer with a formulation like 10-10-10 every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring through summer). Follow the package instructions for proper dilution.
  9. Pruning:
    • As your dragon fruit cutting grows, you may need to prune it to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit.
  10. Transplanting:
    • As the plant grows and outgrows its pot, you can transplant it into a larger container or into the ground if you live in a suitable climate.
  11. Patience:
    • Growing dragon fruit from cuttings can take several months before you see significant growth or the development of flowers and fruit. Be patient and continue to care for the plant.

With proper care, your purple dragon fruit cutting should grow into a healthy and productive plant, providing you with delicious fruit in the future.